Jan Němec, République tchèque
A propos de l'auteur:
Né à Brno en 1981, Jan Němec y fit également toutes ses études. C’est dans cette ville qu’il obtint son master en études religieuses et sociales à l’université Masaryk et son master en dramaturgie théâtrale à l’académie de musique et d’arts du spectacle Janáček. Depuis il a écrit un recueil de poèmes První život (First Life, 2007), suivi d’un recueil de nouvelles Hra pro čtyři ruce (Playing Four Hands, 2009) et d’un roman biographique au sujet du célèbre photographe František Drtikol intitulé Dějiny světla (A History of Light, 2013). Aujourd’hui Němec travaille en tant que rédacteur en chef pour le magazine littéraire mensuel Host et en tant que dramaturge pour la chaine de télévision ČT Art.
HOST — vydavatelství, s. r. o.
602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Tel.: 00420 608 748 157
Agent / Directeur des droits:
tél: +420 608 748 157
- Albanie: Fan Noli
- Allemagne: Osburg Verlag
- Bulgarie: Colibri
- Croatie: Ljevak
- Espagne: Errata Naturae Editores
- FYROM: Antolog
- Hongrie: Noran Libro
- Italie: Safara Editore
- Lettonie: Apgāds Mansards
- Pologne: Książkowe Klimaty
- Royaume-Uni: Jantar Publishing
- Serbie: Clio
- Slovénie: Police Dubove
Dějiny světla (A History of Light)
Le livre de Jan Němec est une biographie du photographe František Drtikol.
Vous êtes vous déjà demandé à quoi ressemblerait une histoire écrite par un rayon de soleil? Tout d’abord, l’histoire serait ordinaire mais le déroulement des évènements serait extraordinaire ; ensuite, le héros serait un photographe, un gardien de la lumière ; Enfin, le récit serait, tout naturellement, rempli d’ombres. Mais qui était donc František Drtikol? Il était à la fois un dandy originaire d’une petite ville minière, un photographe de renommée mondiale dont le business fit faillite, un maître du nu qui n’eut jamais beaucoup de chance avec les femmes, un mystique et un bouddhiste qui croyait au communisme, et un homme empli de nombreuses contradictions. La façon dont la vaste biographie écrite par Jan Němec a été conçue, est assez inhabituelle pour la prose tchèque contemporaine. Semblable à une fresque, cette biographie constitue un Bildungsroman artistique et spirituel, qui recouvre plus de la moitié d’un siècle, ramenant à la vie les mines d’argent de Přibram, le Jugendstil de Munich et la vie de bohème de la première République, le tout rehaussé de modèles nus errant le long du texte, et de lumière se mêlant de manière inaperçue à la connaissance…
Translated by Melvyn Clarke
The man with the round face and the short hair touches the mid-point of his spectacles above the bridge of his nose and looks around a group of nine boys. Then he says: My name is Georg Heinrich Emmerich. Welcome to the Photography Training and Research Institute.
I came across an engraving in an old book, which showed an old sage receiving inspiration through rays of light. And indeed history is full of such inspiration, knowledge without light is unthinkable and light itself has become its symbol. Particularly over the last few centuries, we have learnt to tame light and to harness it for our grand scientific tasks. The telescope and microscope have expanded the world's boundaries in both directions, revealing undreamt of dimensions of reality. Our fellow countryman, Wilhelm Röntgen, recently discovered rays that penetrate matter. And, likewise in the fields of art and entertainment, there are countless aids and devices that take advantage of the interplay between light and the human eye: for instance, I might mention at random the lanterna magica, camera obscura, camera lucida, diorama, kinetoscope, praxinoscope and magic drum. Gentlemen, I could pile up example upon example, but this might well be needless, as I do not at all doubt that you are aware why you are here: photography is nothing more than another fascinating manifestation of what light can do in man's hands. But this time, of course, we have not expanded space by using a telescope or a microscope, we have actually stopped time. At last we can immortalize transient existence, just as whole generations of poets have tried to do before us.
Emmerich looks out of the window and undoes his jacket buttons. He is just thirty-one-years-old, but his hair is already receding. As he returns his gaze to the classroom, an imperceptible smile seems to pass his lips. Some of you have only been in Munich a couple of days, he says, so perhaps you don't know there is a bohemian quarter here called Schwabing: you will surely soon get to know the local hostelries there. A couple of days ago I went there to visit a painter, and as chance would have it, he was already entertaining another of his friends, a poet. And when this young man found out I was a photographer he admitted to me: Just once I would like to hold a ray of light right there in my hand and to write with it – just once! I cannot tell you this young man's name, but I do understand him very well. Photography does have its pathos. This is partly reflected directly in the etymology – the term photography is made up of the Greek words for light and writing. We photographers might be said to be writing down the world with light. And our aim over the next two years will be no less than to teach you, if you will, calligraphy with light.
Dans les médias:
"I'm certain that Jan Němec's novel A History of Light is unrivalled in current Czech literature. And I'd even argue that it's a beacon which Czech literature has been lacking for a long time."
"The novel moves unsettlingly between imagination and non-fiction."
"The novel is assembled from elements which sometimes appear to deviate from the novel's story, but we soon realise how they in fact enhance it."
Jiří Kratochvil, writer, ČT art
"A History of Light isn't only a biographical novel about František Drtikol. Němec uses the effect of hindsight - he depicts events whose participants cannot know the significance of what's happening around them, while we are fully aware. Němec is essentially doing something similar to what Florian Illies did in the excellent novel 1913: The Year Before the Storm, where he for example lets Stalin meet Hitler in a Schönbrunn Palace garden; but the year is 1913 and none of those strolling through the park realise what atrocities these two men will one day commit."
"The whole novel therefore represents a remarkable and substantial experiment, offering an account about Drtikol, the history of photography as a new art form, the cultural climate of the incredibly interesting and turbulent period around the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the First World War and the 1920s, but also about the narrative possibilities of contemporary novels. And as I've already mentioned Illies's novel 1913: The Year Before the Storm, it's worth adding that Jan Němec has written a more than worthy Czech counterpart. Not only because of his ability to incorporate all the topics mentioned above into one novel in a sophisticated yet playful manner, but also because of an almost mysterious feature - the novel never loses its pace and is very hard to put down even after 400 pages."
Petr A. Bílek, Respekt
"Mystery, success and loneliness - these are ingredients for a nutritious literary dish. The author Jan Němec chose photographer František Drtikol as the hero of his book A History of Light and wrote one of last year's best Czech novels."
"A great fate demands a great gesture - and Jan Němec's novel about František Drtikol was able to achieve this with the necessary breadth. He writes about the mining town Příbram as if he were holding a pneumatic drill, about the young photographer's juvenile loves as if he were in love for the first time, and about the nature of light, this substance which was so vital for the photographer, with the same wonder which Röntgen must have experienced when he discovered X-rays."
"In the book, Jan Němec very successfully compiles various literary approaches - he addresses Drtikol in the 2nd person singular, the war chapter taking place from 1914 to 1918 is constructed entirely from letters. So why shouldn't he convey the final stage of Drtikol's life with silence? He does this very effectively - it's a conscious silence rather than an absence."
"The title itself reveals his ambition - if you're writing A History of Light, you have to expect reactions from readers and critics comparing the result with the magnitude of the chosen task. Němec succeeded, he's readable and profound, spiritual and social."
Aleš Palán, Hospodářské noviny
"I read this novel as a manifestation of a genre which is very fertile in the world but which is more or less absent in Czech literature, a biographical novel, which combines presenting the facts and myths about the life of a personality with the attempt to portray the hero's life as a series of extraordinary and remarkable events, aiming at higher quality."
"The author demonstrates his ability to study sources thoroughly and also remarkable linguistic and stylistic skills. His audience are readers of 'true stories'."
"Němec is able to brilliantly satisfy the rules of this genre. And in this sense, reading A History of Light was also a literary experience for me."
Pavel Janoušek, Host
"Every face is an event
Although this is a fictional biography, actually it ends long before František Drtikol’s death. The last fifteen years of his life are mentioned only in passing, but this does not seem inappropriate – indeed, things left unsaid and the lack of literalness make this book a compact unit. On completing it you will feel that something important has happened in your life. "
Petr Mezihorák, Kulturní noviny
"Němec’s novel is an impressive work that is not without contradiction and bound to excite discussion. It is anything but a cheap offering: the author may have chosen an attractive, famous figure, but he has resisted the temptation to produce an emptily attractive, superficial novel about the photographer’s life. In a compelling dialogue with his protagonist, Němec goes down deep, into the soul, into the light with which Drtikol made his magic."
Milan Šilhan, Knižní novinky
"A History of Light has the disciplined structure of the forgotten genre of artistic biography."
Eva Klíčová, Biblio (supplement of Literární noviny)
"Although the remarkable life and work of the photographer, painter and mystic František Drtikol have already been mined several times, this is the first time they have been the subject of an extensive novel. The view in the novel of this versatile, controversial figure is plausible but not necessarily in accordance with the truth. The work proceeds chronologically, beginning in Drtikol’s childhood and proceeding to his apprentice and student years and the gradual building of his career before reaching his shift towards the spiritual teachings of the East and mysticism. The author has tried to be as true to the facts as possible; only his accounts of the perception and inner life of the famous artist are obvious fabrication. "
Marek Lollok, Iliteratura
"This novel about the famous Czech photographer František Drtikol charms us by its poetic diction and archaic pathos-instilled language that is a perfect match for Drtikol’s style as we know it from his diaries. Part of the work comprises extracts from the letters of František Drtikol to Eliška Janská, so the reader can compare the distinctive voice of the protagonist with the tone of the book as a whole. [. . .] In a sense this biographical novel really is a ‘history’ of light, which is lacking in the silver mines of Příbram but later renders the ornamental character of the ‘Secession’ and the minimalistic shapes of the ‘Moderne’, the characteristic facial features of portraits and the magnificent curves of naked models; in the end this light is at the heart of the spiritual disciplines practised by Drtikol. "
Šárka Nováková, Kulturissimo
První život (First Life)
Brno: Větrné mlýny, 2007
Hra pro čtyři ruce (Playing Four Hands)
Brno: Druhé město, 2009
Dějiny světla (A History of Light)
- Czech Book Award 2014
- Shortlisted for Magnesia Litera in the Prose category 2014
- Josef Škvorecký Prize